intend


intend
intend, mean, design, propose, purpose signify to have in mind as an aim, end, or function.
Intend implies that the mind is directed to some definite accomplishment or to the achievement of a definite end
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if one earnestly intends a conspiracy, one does not commence with a series of public readings— Kristol

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intended twenty-four books, sketched fourteen, but left only iouvHighet

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or is bent upon some person or thing (as an invention or a writing) serving a certain purpose or use, or fulfilling a certain destiny
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a play, intended for great Theseus' nuptial day— Shak.

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a strong suspicion that the new instrument with which Einstein has presented the mathematicians is being put to uses for which it was never intendedInge

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a man set aside and intended by nature to lead a blameless life— Anderson

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Intend often implies an aim to express a definite idea by a given word or phrase
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just what the framers of the constitution intended by the phrase "to be twice put in jeopardy" is still a matter of some doubt

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he caught the phrase as it dropped from his lips with a feeling that it said more than he intended—H. G. Wells

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Mean often carries a denotation close to that of intend
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those organ tones of his were meant to fill cathedrals or the most exalted of tribunals— Cardozo

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but it does not convey so clear an implication of determination to effect one's end as does intend and, sometimes, it implies little more than volition or decision
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he always means to work harden

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a book that I mean to get when I reach Beverly— Justice Holmes

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I don't mean to defend Charles' errors, but before I form my judgment of either of them I intend to make a trial of their hearts— Sheridan

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he shouldn't have done it, of course; but he was thoughtless. And he meant to pay the money back— Deland

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Design (see also under PLAN n) usually stresses forethought and deliberation in arriving at an intention
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the American people .... did not design to make their government dependent on the States— John Marshall

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we wanted absolute surrender and we wanted it within a matter of hours, and the bomb of Nagasaki was designed to achieve just that, which it did— Cousins

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Often, the term also implies scheming or contriving, especially by underhand means, in an attempt to effect what is designed
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your father and sister, in their civilities and invitations, were designing a match between the heir and the young lady— Austen

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ah! Friend! to dazzle let the vain design; to raise the thought, and touch the heart be thine!— Pope

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Propose implies a declaration of one's intention or a setting it clearly before oneself or others. It therefore usually connotes clear definition or open avowal
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what do you propose to do when your funds run out?

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I propose to describe the circumstances under which Richelieu worked when he produced and realized the centralized nation of today— Belloc

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to China, where she proposed to spend some time with her friends— Salisbury

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what is reached in the end may be better or worse than what was proposedJames

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1, for one, do not propose to adjust my ethics to the values of a bloodstained despotism—,4. E. Stevenson

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Purpose differs little from propose except in carrying a somewhat stronger implication of determination to effect or achieve one's intention
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I purpose to write the history of England from the accession of King James the Second— Macaulay

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a promise to send her picture postcards from the Cathedral cities which he purposed visiting— Hewlett

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and in occasionally connoting clearer definition in one's own mind
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thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee— Gen 27:42

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Analogous words: *aim, aspire: *attempt, try, endeavor, strive, essay: plan, design, scheme, plot (see under PLAN n)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • intend — 1. Intend is followed in standard usage by a to infinitive (We intend to go / We intended you to go), by a verbal noun (We intend going), or by a that clause (We intended that you should go). In the passive, it is followed by for in the meaning… …   Modern English usage

  • Intend — In*tend ([i^]n*t[e^]nd ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Intended}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Intending}.] [OE. entenden to be attentive, F. entendre, fr. L. intendre, intentum, and intensum, to intend, attend, stretch out, extend; pref. in in + tendere to stretch …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intend — in·tend /in tend/ vt: to have in one s mind as a purpose or goal did not intend to kill her Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. intend …   Law dictionary

  • intend — ► VERB 1) have as one s aim or plan. 2) plan that (something) should be, do, or mean something: the book was intended as a satire. 3) (intend for/to do) design or destine for a particular purpose. 4) (be intended for) be meant for the use of.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Intend — may refer to:* Intendant * Intended reader * Intending cross* Intend Change , a 1999 consulting businessee also* Intent * In * Tend …   Wikipedia

  • intend — [in tend′] vt. [ME entenden < OFr entendre < L intendere, to stretch out for, aim at < in , in, at + tendere, to stretch: see THIN] 1. to have in mind as a purpose; plan 2. to mean (something) to be or be used (for); design; destine [a… …   English World dictionary

  • intend — (v.) c.1300, direct one s attention to, from O.Fr. entendre, intendre to direct one s attention (in Modern French principally to hear ), from L. intendere turn one s attention, strain, lit. stretch out, extend, from in toward (see IN (Cf. in )… …   Etymology dictionary

  • intend — [v] have in mind; determine add up, aim, appoint, aspire to, attempt, be determined, be resolved, connote, contemplate, decree, dedicate, denote, design, designate, destine, devote, endeavor, essay, expect, express, figure on, have in mind, hope… …   New thesaurus

  • intend */*/*/ — UK [ɪnˈtend] / US verb [transitive] Word forms intend : present tense I/you/we/they intend he/she/it intends present participle intending past tense intended past participle intended 1) to have a plan in your mind to do something intend to do… …   English dictionary

  • intend — in|tend [ ın tend ] verb transitive *** 1. ) to have a plan in your mind to do something: intend to do something: What do you intend to do about this? intend someone/something to do something: I never intended it to turn out like that. intend… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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